Purpose of an ECF
ECFs ensure the proper level of access control for all DoD personnel, visitors, and truck traffic to an installation. The objective of an ECF is to secure the installation from unauthorized access and intercept contraband while maximizing vehicular traffic flow. Several components are required for an ECF to perform this function properly. ECF priorities are detailed below.
||It is well established that installations must focus on threats that can be mitigated at the first line of defense – the installation perimeter. ECFs/ACPs and the access control they provide are extremely important to defense-in-depth and effective risk mitigation. An ECF must accommodate RAM and must be able to operate at all FPCONs protecting against illegal entry.
||ECFs/ACPs must have a working environment that is both safe and comfortable for Security Forces personnel. Security Forces safety includes provisions for personal protection against attack and errant drivers; consider climate, location, and orientation.
Design the ECF/ACP so that persons and vehicles entering and leaving the facility do so in a safe and orderly manner to protect themselves, security personnel, and pedestrians from harm.
||The ECF needs to maximize the flow of traffic without compromising safety, security, or causing undue delays that may affect installation operations or off-installation public highway users.
||The ECF should reduce energy costs, facility maintenance and operations costs through sustainable design where appropriate.
Throughout the planning of an ECF it should be remembered that often the priorities above conflict with one another. For example, an increase in FPCON may result in more delays and congestion that may lead to congestion-related crashes. The change or elevation of one condition must always consider the impact to other priorities and where appropriate, corrective action must take place.