Purpose of an ECF
ECFs ensure the proper level of access control for all DoD personnel, visitors, and truck traffic to an installation. The objective of an ECF is to secure the installation from unauthorized access and intercept contraband while maximizing vehicular traffic flow. Several components are required for an ECF to perform this function properly. ECF priorities are detailed below.
||The first objective of an ECF is to maintain perimeter security and establish the demarcation line between the controlled and uncontrolled perimeter of the installation. An ECF must accommodate RAM and must be able to operate at all FPCONs protecting against illegal entry.
||Safety measures shall be incorporated so that persons and vehicles entering and leaving the facility do so in a safe and orderly manner to protect themselves, security personnel, and pedestrians from harm. Safety provisions for Security Forces includes personnel protection against attack and errant drivers as well as considerations for climate, location, and orientation.
||The ECF needs to maximize the flow of traffic without compromising safety, security, or causing undue delays that may affect installation operations or off-installation public highway users.
||The ECF should reduce energy costs, facility maintenance and operations costs through sustainable design where appropriate.
Throughout the planning of an ECF it should be remembered that often the priorities above conflict with one another. For example, an increase in FPCON may result in more delays and congestion that may lead to congestion-related crashes. The change or elevation of one condition must always consider the impact to other priorities and where appropriate, corrective action must take place.